A book that describes the foreign policy of Theodore Roosevelt.
History[ edit ] From a letter of Philip II, King of Spain, 16th century In scholarly writing, an important objective of classifying sources is to determine their independence and reliability. For example, these ideas may be used to trace the history of scientific theories, literary elements and other information that is passed from one author to another.
In scientific literaturea primary source is the original publication of a scientist's new data, results Secondary sources of information theories.
In political historyprimary sources are documents such as official reports, speeches, pamphlets, posters, or letters by participants, official election returns and eyewitness accounts.
In the history of ideas or intellectual historythe main primary sources are books, essays and letters written by intellectuals; these intellectuals may include historians, whose books and essays are therefore considered primary sources for the intellectual historian, though they are secondary sources in their own topical fields.
In religious historythe primary sources are religious texts and descriptions of religious ceremonies and rituals. In a broader sense primary sources also include artifacts like photographs, newsreels, coins, paintings or buildings created at the time.
Historians may also take archaeological artifacts and oral reports and interviews into consideration. Written sources may be divided into three types.
They are not limited to fictional sources which can be sources of information for contemporary attitudes but include diariesfilms, biographies, leading philosophical works and scientific works. Diplomatic sources include charters and other legal documents which usually follow a set format.
Social documents are records created by organizations, such as registers of births and tax records.
In historiography, when the study of history is subject to historical scrutiny, a secondary source becomes a primary source. For a biography of a historian, that historian's publications would be primary sources. Documentary films can be considered a secondary source or primary source, depending on how much the filmmaker modifies the original sources.
In the humanitiesa primary source could be defined as something that was created either during the time period being studied or afterward by individuals reflecting on their involvement in the events of that time.
In the social sciencesthe definition of a primary source would be expanded to include numerical data that has been gathered to analyze relationships between people, events, and their environment. In the natural sciencesa primary source could be defined as a report of original findings or ideas.
These sources often appear in the form of research articles with sections on methods and results. These can be public or private. Some are affiliated with universities and colleges, while others are government entities.
Materials relating to one area might be spread over a large number of different institutions. These can be distant from the original source of the document.A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. Secondary sources may contain pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources.
On occasion, secondary sources will collect, organize, and repackage primary source information to increase usability and speed of delivery, such as an online encyclopedia. Like primary sources, secondary materials can . Tertiary sources are those used to organize and locate secondary and primary sources.
Indexes – provide citations that fully identify a work with information such as author, titles of a book, artile, and/or journal, publisher and publication date, volume and issue number and page numbers. In contrast to primary sources in research activities, secondary sources consist of information that has been gathered and often interpreted by other researchers and .
Secondary sources. Some things are difficult to research for yourself but somebody else might know the answer. You can search online, look in books and watch television to find out the answer. Secondary sources are less easily defined than primary sources.. Generally, they are accounts written after the fact with the benefit of hindsight..
They are interpretations and evaluations of primary sources. Secondary sources are not evidence, but rather commentary on and discussion of evidence.. However, what some define as a secondary source, others define as a tertiary source.