He was sent to Eton when he was eight and he went to Europe to study Galileo's writings. He returned to Ireland in with an extreme interest in science. He only spent part of his time there and he went to reside in Oxford University in
Lismore, Ireland, 25 January ; d.
London, England, 30 December natural philosophy, physics, chemistry. The son of Richard Boyle, first earl of Cork and a great Elizabethan adventurer, and his second wife, Katherine Fenton, Robert Boyle was born to considerable affluence and was related, by blood or marriage, to all the great Anglo-Irish families of his day.
He was the youngest son in a family of fourteen children. At the age of eight, after private tuition at home, he was sent for several years to Eton, which the sons of gentlemen were just beginning to attend, and then, at the age of twelve, to the Continent with his next older brother, Francis, later Lord Shannon.
Although his father was a Royalist, Boyle was persuaded by his elder sister, Katherine, Lady Ranelagh, a strong Parliamentarian as befitted a friend of John Miltonto look favorably on the Parliamentary side. Lady Ranelagh also introduced him to Samuel Hartlibwho seems to have turned his interests to medicine and such practical matters as agriculture.
Medicine led him to chemistry, at first for the preparation of drugs; but he soon became not only a skillful chemical experimenter but also an original chemical thinker.
He read the chemists who wrote in English, French, or Latin, as well as the most important writers on other sciences. His early interest in astronomy persisted for a time but, under the combined influence of Bacon and Descartes, he soon turned to wider problems.
Soon his point of view, except for his belief that chemistry was an important physical science not merely a practical art or a mystic sciencecoincided with that of the leaders of the English scientific movement such as John WilkinsJohn Wallisand Seth Wardwhom he joined at Oxford about After the Restoration, Boyle was frequently in London, finally settling there in He was one of the founders of the Royal Society and throughout his life was its most notable and influential fellow.
He was active in Irish affairs, was from governor of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in New Englandand had some connection with the Court.
In spite of frequent ill health he was continuously active in scientific endeavors, and with the aid of assistants many of whom later became famous scientists he experimented until his final illness.
He was a prolific author, writing on science, philosophy, and theology. Scholastic view that there was no such thing as a vacuum and that some mysterious force, rather than atmospheric pressure, was responsible for the phenomena associated with suction pumps and syphoning.
At intervals throughout his life, Boyle published further accounts of the experiments in vacuo that he never tired of devising and that he alone, among the scientists of his day, was capable of devising without cessation. The air pump experiments showed Boyle to be a confirmed opponent of Aristotelian and Scholastic physics, as well as an able and original experimental physicist.
His scientific associates knew him better as a profound believer in the need to establish an empirically based, mechanistic theory of matter and in the possibility of establishing a scientific, rational, theoretical chemistry by means of just such a theory of matter. In he had already partially prepared a series of treatises upon both subjects, and he occupied himself for the rest of his life with experiments and arguments furthering these beliefs.
His first published declaration of his positions appeared in in Certain Physiological Essays, a work whose arguments were somewhat obscurely supported by the now better known Sceptical Chymist, which was published later in the same year; both had circulated among scientists in earlier, manuscript versions.
He was, however, too devout to be a true Epicurean and too aware of the developments of contemporary science—to which he was, moreover, contributing fully—to accept any attempt to apply literal Epicureanism to the current scientific scene.
Like all his contemporaries, he was familiar with Democritean atomism as confuted by Aristotle, but it had the same disadvantages as Epicureanism. From Bacon, he learned to regard heat as a mode of motion of the least particles of matter; he also learned to believe that experiment could lead one to demonstrate, and possibly to prove, the existence of such particles, and that it could further aid in the deduction of how the shape and motion of the particles could provide an explanation of the observed properties of bodies.
About the Mechanical Origine or Production of Divers Particular Qualities, published in ; and in numerous other minor treatises was to refute the older Scholastic or Aristotelian view and establish the mechanical one in its place.
The many experiments with which his works are filled made them useful even to those who did not accept his conclusions, and such experiments as those demonstrating the mechanical production of heat and magnetism can still command admiration.
In and Boyle conducted through Henry Oldenburgwho often acted as his editor and literary agent a long dispute with Spinoza on the question of whether experiment could provide proof: Few before him had realized that empiricism required technique and the working out of methodical procedure.
One reason for the now tedious length of most of his treatises was his desire to describe his expriments faithfully and in such a way that others could follow. He also was always careful to describe experiments that did not succeed, a procedure he defended in two of Certain Physiological Essays as essential to progress in experimental philosophy.
Nonempiricists might very reasonably find all this tiresomely prolix, but heuristically it was important and influential. Through his writing on his experiments, Boyle helped establish the experimental method in many branches of physics and chemistry.
He was always reluctant to antagonize those with fixed convictions, and therefore was often inclined to avoid committing himself to a definite and limiting view.
Yet readers of only this book cannot know of his later doubts, hesitations, and tentative suggestions for a more satisfactory explanation.Robert Boyle wrote that his paid assistant Denis Papin was the man that designed and preformed the air- pump experiments. Boyle was only present during the experiments and read the entirety of the experiment to make sure there were no mistakes.
Below is an essay on "Robert Boyle" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Irish natural philosopher Robert Boyle was a major contributor in the fields of physics and chemistry.
Boyle, Robert (heartoftexashop.come, Ireland, 25 January ; heartoftexashop.com, England, 30 December ) natural philosophy, physics, chemistry.. The son of Richard Boyle, first earl of Cork and a great Elizabethan adventurer, and his second wife, Katherine Fenton, Robert Boyle was born to considerable affluence and was related, by blood or marriage, to all the great Anglo-Irish families of his day.
Robert Boyle was born in , at Lismore Castle, Munster, Ireland as the fourteenth child to the Earl of Cork. He was schooled all throughout Europe, and later went on to attend Oxford. Boyle conducted many experiments throughout his time at Oxford. Robert Boyle Essay Words | 6 Pages Robert Boyle () Robert Boyle was born at Lismore Castle, Munster on 25 January , the fourteenth child and seventh son of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork.
Free Essay: Robert Boyle () Robert Boyle was born at Lismore Castle, Munster on 25 January , the fourteenth child and seventh son of Richard.