Electronic Submission Margins Except for the running head see belowleave margins of one inch at the top and bottom and on both sides of the text. Text Formatting Always choose an easily readable typeface Times New Roman is just one example in which the regular type style contrasts clearly with the italic, and set it to a standard size, such as 12 points.
Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
End this element with a period. Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks. A book should be in italics: A website should be in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container.
The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container.
You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation.
In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc. A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc. Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation.
Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students.
Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation. Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol. Accessed 20 May Publisher The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public.
Museum of Modern Art, New York. Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators.
Publication date The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source. For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date.
When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it. This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode. However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date.
An essay in a book, or an article in journal should include page numbers. The location of an online work should include a URL.An outline can be beneficial as you write because it keeps you on task and helps you stay organized.
Modern Language Association format outlines follow a specific and formal structure. They include many different levels of information; each level has a specific meaning and should include a .
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page. Formatting a Research Paper If your instructor has specific requirements for the format of your research paper, check them before preparing your final draft.
When you . For any research paper, it is essential to understand how to write an outline. In many fields, research papers require an outline, as an integral part of the paper. In many fields, research papers require an outline, as an integral part of the paper.
This resource contains a sample MLA paper that adheres to the updates. To download the MLA sample paper, select the MLA Sample Paper PDF file in the Media box above. For research papers, a formal outline can help you keep track of large amounts of information.
Example Thesis: Federal regulations need to foster laws that will help protect wetlands, restore those that have been destroyed, and take measures to improve the damange from overdevelopment.