Martin Heidegger[ edit ] Martin Heidegger rejected the philosophical basis of the concepts of "subjectivity" and "objectivity" and asserted that similar grounding oppositions in logic ultimately refer to one another. Instead of resisting the admission of this paradox in the search for understanding, Heidegger requires that we embrace it through an active process of elucidation he called the " hermeneutic circle ". He stressed the historicity and cultural construction of concepts while simultaneously advocating the necessity of an atemporal and immanent apprehension of them. In this vein, he asserted that it was the task of contemporary philosophy to recover the original question of or "openness to" Dasein translated as Being or Being-there present in the Presocratic philosophers but normalized, neutered, and standardized since Plato.
Thomas Kuhn Science does not proceed by patient accretion of facts but by revolutionary interpretive shifts in which one 'paradigm' replaces another. The change from one paradigm to another is not wholly justifiable or rational.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Jacques Derrida His careful analysis of language called attention to the deep paradoxes and undecidable problems implicit in texts.
This contrasts with the spoken word, with its apparent immediacy of meaning and connection to the living presence of the speaker. Through deconstruction he tries to read texts critically, displaying the self-undermining elements written down in the magin of the original text under scrutiny.
Of Grammatology, Georges Bataille Transcendence is a state of separation opposing itself to the flowing of all that is. There is not first an ego for which the object is, separated by its transcendence. The 'I' lacks all distinctness, haemorrhaging freely into death, lost in 'immanent immensity', which is without separations or limits.
Theory on Religion, Paul Feyerabend Science is much closer to myth than a scientific philosophy is prepared to admit. A new breed of intellectuals rose to power: Against Method, Science in a Free Society, No legitimation is necessary beyond expediency.
The production of knowledge is analyzed in terms of discontinuity, plurality and 'paralogy' logically unjustified conclusions. A Report on Knowledge, The idea of the unity of science should be reconsidered. The Manifacture of Knowledge, Richard Rorty The traditional philosophical pursuit of ultimate, transcendental, foundational knowledge is not a valid or desirable enterprise.
Philosophy can not justify any program of political reform. Philosophy -like rhetorics- makes different world descriptions only look attractive. Our vocabularies can not be grounded in an appeal to 'objectivity'.
The pragmatic alternative sees legitimation as 'solidarity' or culture. Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, David Ray Griffin 'Parapsychology provides evidence against the intellectual adequacy of the late modern worldview, evidence that is particularly dramatic.That postmodernism is indefinable is a truism.
However, it can be described as a set of critical, strategic and rhetorical practices employing concepts such as difference, repetition, the trace, the simulacrum, and hyperreality to destabilize other concepts such as presence, identity, historical progress, epistemic certainty, and the univocity of meaning.
[Published at Film Inquiry] Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas and Louis Jean Lumière were pioneers of the film industry in the s. They were among the first to create moving pictures, and the first people to conceive of the idea that one can use film as a mass medium.
(§ 1) It was Joseph Hudnut who, at Harvard with modernist Walter Gropius, in an article published in spoke of 'the post-modern house'. With his report to the Province of Quebec's Conseil des Universités called: The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge (), Lyotard introduced this notion into contemporary philosophical discourse, and proposed that his own commitment to this.
This special issue of Breac examines “The Great Irish Famine: Global Contexts.” It brings together leading experts in the field with support from the International Network of Irish Famine Studies. The network was established in with funding from the Dutch research council NWO (project number ).
The special issue builds on recent studies such as Marguérite Corporaal and. Pulp Fiction () Tarantino's Pulp Fiction is well known for it's postmodern attributes including it's irregular narrative course and it's many intertexual references.
The first example of postmodernism in the cult film is Tarantino's disregard for a chronological narrative. This study explores the genre of television crime fiction, the philosophy of postmodernism and the influence of the latter on the theme of the fiction which includes its stylistic elements as well.