The Challenge of Environmental Ethics Suppose putting out natural fires, culling feral animals or destroying some individual members of overpopulated indigenous species is necessary for the protection of the integrity of a certain ecosystem. Will these actions be morally permissible or even required? Is it morally acceptable for farmers in non-industrial countries to practise slash and burn techniques to clear areas for agriculture? Consider a mining company which has performed open pit mining in some previously unspoiled area.
The inescapable conclusion is that subjectivity, relativity and irrationalism are advocated [by Richard Rorty] not in order to let in all opinions, but precisely so as to exclude the opinions of people who believe in old authorities and objective truths.
The relativistic theory exists in order to support an absolutist doctrine. We should not be surprised therefore at the extreme disarray that entered the camp of deconstructionwhen it was discovered that one of the leading ecclesiastics, Paul de Man, once had Nazi sympathies. It is manifestly absurd to suggest that a similar disarray would have attended the discovery that Paul de Man had once been a communist -- even if he taken part in some of the great communist crimes.
Liberals are so determined not to stigmatize anybody that their solution is always to make all of society suffer instead Ann Coulter, "Mental health laws are trouble for Democrats," December 18, The form of moralistic relativism would be evident in an assertion like this: Enklinobarangus It is not unusual to find theories, and people, insensibly shifting back and forth between moralism and moral aestheticism.
Since there actually are separate domains of value, it is difficult to deal with life from absolutely consistent moralistic or morally aesthetic viewpoints. Today this is most conspicuous in doctrines, which are often political ideologies, that present themselves in relativistic and morally aesthetic ways i.
The heteronomous relativism of recently popular historicism -- which condemns societies that absolished slavery, e.
It is the fundamental paradox of trying to use the descriptive principles of relativism as absolute moral injunctions. Paul Craig Roberts characterizes the resulting attitudes [of Western and American intellectuals] as a "fusion of moral scepticism with the demand for moral perfection In other words, the intellectuals discussed alternate between moral absolutism and moral relativism.
Moral aestheticism, relativism, and scepticism are used to defend what is favored by a political writer. The argument is then that whatever is favored is allowed because nothing can be morally disallowed.
On the other hand, moralism, absolutism, and dogmatism are used to attack what is not favored by a political writer. This is done less often by way of argument that by deploying a battery of emotionally charged epithets -- racism, sexism, homophobia, classism, etc.
The irony and irrationality of these contradictory strategies is further explored by Hollander: Another way to highlight these contrasts is to note that American intellectuals, even the most severe social critics among them, harbor high expectations about their society, and it is the frustration of these expectations which often turns into bitterness and rejection.
I had argued elsewhere, that the broad historical background against which such expectations are played out is that of secularization. As Roberts put it " It has been pointed out often enough that politics takes on religious overtones when religion proper withers, at any rate among intellectuals.
Along these lines Doris Lessing observed: There are certain types of people who are political out of a kind of religious reason They are in fact God-seekers, looking for the kingdom of God on earth There is a close and obvious connection between the embrace of Marxist socialism and the social critical impulse.
Marxism is a philosophy of intense moral indignation -- a worldview that helps to organize and systematize moral passion and which provides a seemingly scientific foundation for protesting social injustice. Marxism performs additional religious functions by pointing towards a better future which will arrive as a combined result of both the inexorable forces of history and the freely chosen effort of individuals who achieved the proper understanding of social forces.
Leszek Kolakowski concluded his monumental study of Marxism as follows: The influence Marxism has achieved, far from being the result or proof of its scientific character, is almost entirely due to its prophetic, fantastic and irrational elements Almost all the prophecies of Marx and his followers have already proved to be false, but this does not disturb the spiritual certainty of the faithfulDEPFE, NCERT Education for Values in Schools – A Framework DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY AND FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION NATIONAL COUNCIL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING.
The Fallacies of Moralism and Moral Aestheticism (after Friedrich Schiller, Leonard Nelson, Camille Paglia, & Robert Hughes) The Fallacy of Moralism.
Christopher Columbus - American Indian Genocide: Christopher Columbus, under Queen Isabella of Spain, initiates the European invasion and rape of the Americas. Lacking moral courage and with a view to keep their officers in good humour, many assessing officers grade their subordinates at 8 points and above (on a scale of 1 to 9 points) in the first part.
The novel, "Half-breed" is based on the biography of Maria Campbell, a Metis woman who was born in northern Saskatchewan. Maria Campbell's family was a mixture of . SECTION I. THE PHENOMENON OF SEX 1. THE PRESENT-DAY DEGRADATION.
There is a great illusion in front of man. It troubles him in the form of woman.